|ELISA (ELISA)||Assay Dependent|
|Tested Species reactivity||Human|
|Host / Isotype||Mouse / IgG1|
|Immunogen||Synthetic peptide corresponding to the amino acids 22-39 of human ACTH, conjugated to a high molecular weight carrier|
|Storage buffer||PBS, pH 7.2|
|Contains||0.09% sodium azide|
|Storage conditions||4°C or -20°C if preferred|
This gene encodes a polypeptide hormone precursor that undergoes extensive, tissue-specific, post-translational processing via cleavage by subtilisin-like enzymes known as prohormone convertases. There are eight potential cleavage sites within the polypeptide precursor and, depending on tissue type and the available convertases, processing may yield as many as ten biologically active peptides involved in diverse cellular functions. The encoded protein is synthesized mainly in corticotroph cells of the anterior pituitary where four cleavage sites are used; adrenocorticotrophin, essential for normal steroidogenesis and the maintenance of normal adrenal weight, and lipotropin beta are the major end products. In other tissues, including the hypothalamus, placenta, and epithelium, all cleavage sites may be used, giving rise to peptides with roles in pain and energy homeostasis, melanocyte stimulation, and immune modulation. These include several distinct melanotropins, lipotropins, and endorphins that are contained within the adrenocorticotrophin and beta-lipotropin peptides. Mutations in this gene have been associated with early onset obesity, adrenal insufficiency, and red hair pigmentation. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding the same protein have been described.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: adrenocorticotropic hormone; adrenocorticotropin; alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone; alpha-MSH; beta-endorphin; beta-LPH; beta-melanocyte-stimulating hormone; beta-MSH; corticotropin-like intermediary peptide; corticotropin-lipotropin; gamma-LPH; gamma-MSH; lipotropin beta; lipotropin gamma; melanotropin alpha; melanotropin beta; melanotropin gamma; met-enkephalin; opiomelanocortin prepropeptide; pro-ACTH-endorphin; pro-opiomelanocortin; proopiomelanocortin preproprotein
Gene Aliases: ACTH; CLIP; LPH; MSH; NPP; POC
UniProt ID: (Human) P01189
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 5443
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