|Immunohistochemistry (IHC)||5 ug/ml|
|Western Blot (WB)||1-2 ug/ml|
|Tested Species reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Host / Isotype||Rabbit / IgG|
|Immunogen||A peptide corresponding to 14 amino acids near the amino terminus of human PKR.|
|Purification||Antigen affinity chromatography|
|Contains||0.02% sodium azide|
|Storage conditions||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 3 months. For long term storage store at -20°C|
A suggested positive control is Caco-2 cell lysate.
PA5-20284 can be used with blocking peptide PEP-0418.
The interferon-inducible, double-stranded RNA (dsRNA)-dependent protein kinase PKR is a member of the eukaryotic initiation factor-2 alpha (eIF2-alpha) kinase family, possessing serine-threonine kinase activity and two dsRNA-binding motifs that acts as part of the innate immune system. Upon binding dsRNA, PKR undergoes a conformational change leading to its activation and its phosphorylation of the translation factor eIF2, resulting in a general shutdown of protein synthesis and induction of apoptosis through upregulation of caspase-8 and capsase-9 activity in order to prevent the production of more viruses. To evade the antiviral effects of PKR, viruses have evolved multiple mechanisms, such as the inhibition of PKR by the non-structural protein (NS1) of the influenza virus. More recently, PKR has been implicated in several neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer, Huntington, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: double stranded RNA activated protein kinase; dsRNA-activated kinase; eIF-2 alpha; eIF-2A protein kinase 2; EIF2AK1, PKR, PRKR; eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2 alpha kinase 2; Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2-alpha kinase 2; IFN- type I-induced and dsRNA-activated kinase; IFN-induced and double-stranded RNA-activated kinase; Interferon-induced, double-stranded RNA-activated protein kinase; interferon-inducible elF2alpha kinase; Interferon-inducible RNA-dependent protein kinase; P1/eIF-2A protein kinase; p68 kinase; PKR; protein kinase R; Protein kinase RNA-activated; protein kinase, interferon inducible double stranded RNA dependent; Protein kinase, interferon-inducible double stranded RNA dependent; protein phosphatase 1, regulatory subunit 83; Serine/threonine-protein kinase TIK; T-cell viral integration site; Tyrosine-protein kinase EIF2AK2
Gene Aliases: 2310047A08Rik; 4732414G15Rik; AI467567; AI747578; EIF2AK1; EIF2AK2; PKR; PPP1R83; PRKR; Tik
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