Ceramics Glass Analysis

Materials to beat the heat, time & weather

Ceramics are defined as inorganic, non-metallic materials. In the broader sense, the category includes glass and enamel and results in bricks, clay, cement, and more.

Ceramics tend to have an ordered crystalline structure, whereas glass and enamel have a more random, non-crystalline (or glassy) structure. Some materials have both structures.  Hence, the types of techniques used in analyzing these vary broadly across the entire class of ceramic and glass materials.

The simplest form of glass is the single component fused silica (SiO2), but it is costly and difficult to process. So most glasses are made with a core component of SiO2, some form of soda as a flux, lime as a stabilizer, and other oxides that impart specific properties on the glass such as color and hardiness.

Materials scientists work with these components to create glasses that are stronger, more resistant to atmospheric conditions, more effective at controlling radiative heat flow, and to develop many other applications. XPS is a very useful technique in this area of study.

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