The C/EBP (CCAAT/enhancer binding protein) family of transcription factors--alpha, beta, delta, and epsilon)--are widely expressed proteins found in a variety of tissues. These domains contain an evolutionarily conserved five-amino acid motif (the regulatory domain motif RDM) that conforms to the consensus sequence (I/V/L) KXEP. One of the major roles of these transcription factors is that of metabolic regulation in liver and fat cells. Studies suggest that these transcription factors act in a cascade aiding in the development of the adipose cell. Three C/EBP beta isoforms (LAP*, LAP, and LIP) arise from different translation initiation and display different function in gene regulation. From a neurological standpoint, C/EBPs have been implicated in the mediation of nerve growth factor, altering synaptic plasticity, and mediation of inflammatory response in AD patients.View more
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