Cell-mediated immune responses are initiated by T lymphocytes that are themselves stimulated by co gnate peptides bound to MHC molecules on antigen-presenting cells (APC). T-cell activation is generally self-limited as activated T cells express receptors such as PD-1 (also known as PDCD-1) that mediate inhibitory signals from the APC. PD-1 can bind two different but related ligands, PDL-1 and PDL-2, both of which are thought act as a negative regulator of T cell activation. However, it has been suggested that PDL-2 can act to stimulate an immunogenic response through and alternative receptor from PD-1. At least three isoforms of PDL-2 are known to exist; this antibody is specific to the largest isoform. PDL-2 antibody has no cross-reactivity to PDL-2.
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