The interleukin 17 receptor E (IL-17RE) shares limited similarity to the receptor of IL-17A, a ubiquitous type I membrane glycoprotein that with IL-17A plays a pathogenic role in many inflammatory and autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis. IL-17RE is the functional receptor of IL-17C and has been suggested to mediate mucosal immunity to infection with intestinal pathogens. IL-17C is produced by epithelia in response to bacterial challenge and binds to a receptor complex formed by IL-17RE and IL-17RA on the epithelial cell surface, thereby regulating the immune function of epithelial cells in an autocrine manner.View more View less
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