The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the keratin family. The keratins are intermediate filament proteins responsible for the structural integrity of epithelial cells and are subdivided into cytokeratins and hair keratins. The type I cytokeratins consist of acidic proteins which are arranged in pairs of heterotypic keratin chains. Unlike its related family members, this smallest known acidic cytokeratin is not paired with a basic cytokeratin in epithelial cells. It is specifically expressed in the periderm, the transiently superficial layer that envelopes the developing epidermis. The type I cytokeratins are clustered in a region of chromosome 17q12-q21.
40-kDa keratin intermediate filament; CK-19; CK19, K19, K1CS, 40-kDa keratin intermediate filament; cytokeratin 19; Cytokeratin-19; K19; keratin 19, type I; Keratin, type I cytoskeletal 19; keratin, type I, 40-kd; Keratin-19; KRT19
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