The protein encoded by this gene is a glycoprotein and a member of the NADPH oxidase family. The synthesis of thyroid hormone is catalyzed by a protein complex located at the apical membrane of thyroid follicular cells. This complex contains an iodide transporter, thyroperoxidase, and a peroxide generating system that includes this encoded protein and DUOX1. This protein is known as dual oxidase because it has both a peroxidase homology domain and a gp91phox domain.
1111-; Dual oxidase 2; dual oxidase-like domains 2; DUOX2; flavoprotein NADPH oxidase; Large NOX 2; LNOX2; Long NOX 2; NADH/NADPH thyroid oxidase p138-tox; NADPH oxidase/peroxidase DUOX2; NADPH thyroid oxidase 2; nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase; p138 thyroid oxidase; THOX2; Thyroid oxidase 2