Adipose tissue is an energy reserve in animals and is strictly regulated in nondomestic species. Adipose cells produce and secrete numerous physiologically important proteins, such as lipoprotein lipase (LPL), leptin, adipocyte complement related protein of 30 kDa (Acrp30), resistin, and perilipin. Perilipin is an intracellular neutral lipid droplet protein that is hormonally regulated. This protein is localized exclusively to the surface of lipid droplets. In response to lypotic stimuli, perilipin is phosphorylated by protein kinase A. Once activated, perilipin has inhibitory affects upon hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL), a protein that mediates the hydrolysis of triacylglycerol, the major form of stored energy in the body.
Perilipin expression is limited to adipocytes and steroidogenic cells. There are currently two known isoforms, Perilipin A and B. Both of these proteins are encoded by a single-copy gene and are the result of differential splicing events.
ADFP; Adipophilin; adipose differentiation related protein; Adipose differentiation-related protein; ADRP; Lipid droplet-associated protein; PERI; PERIA; Perilipin A; perilipin B; Perilipin-1; Perilipin-2; PLIN; Plin1; Plin2