Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases catalyze the aminoacylation of tRNA by their cognate amino acid. Because of their central role in linking amino acids with nucleotide triplets contained in tRNAs, aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases are thought to be among the first proteins that appeared in evolution. Two forms of tryptophanyl-tRNA synthetase exist, a cytoplasmic form, named WARS, and a mitochondrial form, named WARS2. This gene encodes the mitochondrial tryptophanyl-tRNA synthetase. Two alternative transcripts encoding different isoforms have been described.
(Mt)TrpRS; mitochondrial; TrpRS; tryptophan tRNA ligase 2, mitochondrial; Tryptophan--tRNA ligase, mitochondrial; Tryptophanyl tRNA synthetase 2; Tryptophanyl-tRNA synthetase