Description: The WM59 monoclonal antibody reacts with human CD31, also known as platelet-endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (PECAM-1) and gpIIa. This 130-140 kDa surface protein is expressed by endothelial cells and at low levels on leukocytes and platelets. It has been reported that CD38 binds to CD31. Homotypic interaction of CD31 is important in adhesion, cell-cell and cell-matrix interaction, and signal transduction.
Applications Reported: The WM-59 (WM59) antibody has been reported for use in flow cytometric analysis.
Applications Tested: This WM-59 (WM59) antibody has been pre-titrated and tested by flow cytometric analysis of normal human peripheral blood cells. This can be used at 5 µL (0.125 µg) per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test.
Excitation: 488-561 nm; Emission: 578 nm; Laser: Blue Laser, Green Laser, Yellow-Green Laser.
Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered.
CD31 (platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1, PECAM-1) is an inhibitory coreceptor involved in regulation of T cell and B cell signaling by a dual immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (ITIM) that upon associated kinases-mediated phosphorylation provide docking sites for protein-tyrosine phosphatases. CD31 is expressed ubiquitously within the vascular compartment and is located mainly at junctions between adjacent cells. N-terminal Ig-like domain of CD31 is responsible for its homophilic binding, which plays an important role in cell-cell interactions. CD31 is a multifunctional molecule with diverse roles in modulation of integrin-mediated cell adhesion, transendothelial migration, angiogenesis, apoptosis, negative regulation of immunoreceptor signaling, autoimmunity, macrophage phagocytosis, IgE-mediated anaphylaxis and thrombosis. It is one of key regulatory molecules in vascular system.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: adhesion molecule; CD31; CD31 antigen; CD31/EndoCAM; EndoCAM; GPIIA'; PECA1; PECAM-1; Platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule; platelet/endothelial cell adhesion molecule 1
Gene Aliases: CD31; CD31/EndoCAM; endoCAM; GPIIA'; PECA1; PECAM-1; PECAM1
UniProt ID: (Human) P16284
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 5175
Molecular Function: cell adhesion molecule