Description: The eBioY1/82 antibody reacts with CD68 which belongs to the sialomucin family and is closely related to the family of lysosomal-associated membrane proteins (lamps) and scavenger receptor. CD68 is predominantly an intracellular protein, found mainly in the late endosomal compartment but can be detected in smaller amounts on the surface of cells of mainly myeloid derived cells; monocytes and macrophages, dendritic cells (and in some langerhan cells), neutrophils, basophils mast cells, myeloid progenitor cells, and a subset of CD34+ hemopoietic bone marrow progenitor cells. The function has not been fully elucidated but based on it's homolgy and structure suggests a role in antigen processing or presentation and protection of the lysosomal membrane from hydrolytic enzymes. Reports have also seen expression in activated T cells, and about 40% of peripheral blood B-lymphocytes and 50% of all B-ALL.
Staining with eBioY1/82A shows surface staining on B cells and a minor percentage of monocytes while intracellular staining results in about 50% of B cells and most monocytes.
Applications Reported: This eBioY1/82A (Y1/82A) antibody has been reported for use in flow cytometric analysis.
Applications Tested: This eBioY1/82A (Y1/82A) antibody has been pre-titrated and tested by intracellular staining and flow cytometric analysis of normal human peripheral blood cells. This can be used at 5 µL (0.5 µg) per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test.
Excitation: 488-561 nm; Emission: 578 nm; Laser: Blue Laser, Green Laser, Yellow-Green Laser.
Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered.
CD68 (Macrosialin) is a 110 kDa integral membrane glycoprotein predominantly expressed on the intracellular lysomsomes of monocytes and macrophages and to a lesser extent by dendritic cells and peripheral blood granulocytes. Also, CD68 could play a role in phagocytic activities of tissue macrophages, both in intracellular lysosomal metabolism and extracellular cell-cell and cell-pathogen interactions. CD68 is expressed by interdigitating reticulum cells in tonsil and some histiocytic lymphoma or histiocytosis, acute myeloid leukemia (AML), and granulocytic sarcoma. Elevated expression of CD68 has been demonstrated on CD34+ cells in various human malignancies, including several Acute Myeloid Leukemia studies.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: CD68; CD68 antigen; Gp110; macrophage antigen CD68; Macrosialin; scavenger receptor class D, member 1
Gene Aliases: CD68; GP110; LAMP4; SCARD1
UniProt ID: (Human) P34810
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 968