Description: CCR5 is the major co-receptor for macrophage-tropic isolates of HIV-1. CCR5, also known as CD195, is a seven transmembrane chemokine receptor capable of binding RANTES, MIP-1 alpha and MIP-1 beta. Knockout mice show a decreased recruitment of macrophages and increased susceptibility to infection. Protein and mRNA has been found in macrophages from thioglycolate-treated and activated T cells.
The HM-CCR5(7A4) monoclonal antibody binds the N terminal extracellular domain of mouse CCR5 with no crossreactivity to human CCR5.
Applications Reported: This HM-CCR5 (7A4) antibody has been reported for use in flow cytometric analysis.
Applications Tested: This HM-CCR5 (7A4) antibody has been tested by flow cytometric analysis of mouse thioglycolate-elicited peritoneal-exudate cells. This can be used at less than or equal to 1 µg per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test. It is recommended that the antibody be carefully titrated for optimal performance in the assay of interest.
Excitation: 488-561 nm; Emission: 578 nm; Laser: Blue Laser, Green Laser, Yellow-Green Laser.
Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered.
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and related virus require coreceptors, in addition to CD4, to infect target cells. Some G protein-coupled receptors including CCR5, CXCR4, CCR3, CCR2b and CCR8 in the chemokine receptor family, and four new human molecules GPR15, STRL33, GPR1 and V28 were recently identified as HIV coreceptors. Among them, CCR5 (CC-CKR-5) is a principal coreceptor for macrophage- and dual-tropic HIV-1 strains fusion and entry of human white blood cells. CCR5 is required for the infection by HIV-1, HIV-2, and SIV. The beta-chemokines RANTES, MIP-alpha and MIP-beta are the ligands for CCR5 and prevent infection by M-tropic HIV-1. CXC5 associates with the surface CD4-gp120 of HIV complex and leads to membrane fusion and virus entry of target cells. The amino-terminal domain and the extracellular loops of CCR5 serve as HIV biding sites. CCR5 messenger RNA is expressed in lymphoid organs and monocytes.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: C-C chemokine receptor type 5; C-C CKR-5; CC-CKR-5; CCR-5; CD195; chemokine (C-C) receptor 5; MIP-1 alpha receptor
Gene Aliases: AM4-7; Ccr5; CD195; Cmkbr5
UniProt ID: (Mouse) P51682
Entrez Gene ID: (Mouse) 12774
Molecular Function: G-protein coupled receptor cell adhesion molecule cytokine receptor defense/immunity protein hydrolase immunoglobulin receptor superfamily immunoglobulin superfamily cell adhesion molecule phosphatase protein phosphatase receptor