Histones are basic nuclear proteins that are responsible for the nucleosome structure of the chromosomal fiber in eukaryotes. Nucleosomes consist of approximately 146 bp of DNA wrapped around a histone octamer composed of pairs of each of the four core histones (H2A, H2B, H3, and H4). The nucleosomes wrap further and compact DNA into chromotin, limiting DNA accessibility to the cellular machineries which require DNA as a template. Histones play a central role in transciption regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication, and chromosomal stability. H2B has a broad antibacterial activity.
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Protein Aliases: Acetyl-Histone H2; H2B GL105 antibody; H2B histone family member W testis-specific; H2B histone family, member A; H2B histone family, member B; H2B histone family, member C; H2B histone family, member D; H2B histone family, member E; H2B histone family, member F; H2B histone family, member J; H2B histone family, member K; H2B histone family, member L; H2B histone family, member M; H2B histone family, member N; H2B histone family, member Q; H2B histone family, member R; H2B histone family, member T; H2B histone family, member U, (testis-specific); H2B histone family, member W, testis-specific; H2B K; H2B type 12; H2B-clustered histone 17; H2B-clustered histone 18; H2B-clustered histone 21; H2B-clustered histone 3; H2B-clustered histone 5; H2B-clustered histone 9; H2B.1 antibody; H2B.S histone 1; H2B.U histone 1; H2B.W histone 1; H2B/a; H2B/b; H2B/c; H2B/d; H2B/e; H2B/f; H2B/g; H2B/h; H2B/I; H2B/j; H2B/k; H2B/l; H2B/n; H2B/q; H2B/r; H2B/s; H2BK12ac; H2BK15ac; H2BK5ac; H2BS14; H2BS14p; HIRA-interacting protein 1; HIRA-interacting protein 2; HIST1H2BB antibody; HIST1H3I; histone 1, H2ba; histone 1, H2bb; histone 1, H2bc; histone 1, H2bd; histone 1, H2bg; histone 1, H2bh; histone 1, H2bi; histone 1, H2bj; histone 1, H2bk; histone 1, H2bl; histone 1, H2bm; histone 1, H2bn; histone 1, H2bo; histone 2, H2be; Histone 2B; histone 3, H2bb; histone family member; Histone H2B type 1-A; Histone H2B type 1-B; Histone H2B type 1-C/E/F/G/I; Histone H2B type 1-D; Histone H2B type 1-H; Histone H2B type 1-J; Histone H2B type 1-K; Histone H2B type 1-L; Histone H2B type 1-M; Histone H2B type 1-N; Histone H2B type 1-O; Histone H2B type 2-E; Histone H2B type 2-F; Histone H2B type 3-B; Histone H2B type F-M; Histone H2B type F-S; histone H2B type F-S-like; Histone H2B type W-T; Histone H2B, testis; Histone H2B-GL105; Histone H2B.1; Histone H2B.1 A; Histone H2B.1 B; Histone H2B.2; Histone H2B.a; Histone H2B.b; Histone H2B.c; Histone H2B.d; Histone H2B.e; Histone H2B.f; Histone H2B.g; Histone H2B.h; Histone H2B.I; Histone H2B.j; Histone H2B.k; Histone H2B.l; Histone H2B.n; Histone H2B.q; Histone H2B.r; Histone H2B.s; MGC125414; MGC125415; MGC125416; MGC9388; RP1-193B12.10; Testis-specific histone H2B; TSH2B.1
Gene Aliases: bA317E16.3; dJ160A22.3; dJ193B12.2; dJ221C16.3; dJ221C16.6; dJ221C16.8; dJ97D16.4; GL105; H2B; H2B.1; H2B.1A; H2B.1B; H2B.2; H2B/a; H2B/b; H2B/c; H2B/d; H2B/e; H2B/f; H2B/j; H2B/k; H2B/l; H2B/n; H2B/r; H2B/S; H2Bb; H2BC1; H2BC10; H2BC11; H2BC12; H2BC13; H2BC14; H2BC15; H2BC17; H2BC18; H2BC21; H2BC3; H2BC4; H2BC5; H2BC6; H2BC7; H2BC8; H2BC9; H2BFA; H2BFAiii; H2BFB; H2BFC; H2BFD; H2BFE; H2BFF; H2BFG; H2BFH; H2BFJ; H2BFK; H2BFL; H2BFM; H2BFN; H2BFQ; H2BFR; H2BFS; H2BFT; H2BFU; H2BFWT; H2BGL105; H2BJ; H2BK; H2BQ; H2BS1; H2BU1; H2BW1; H2BW2; HIRIP1; HIRIP2; HIST1H2BA; HIST1H2BB; HIST1H2BC; HIST1H2BD; HIST1H2BE; HIST1H2BF; HIST1H2BG; HIST1H2BH; HIST1H2BI; HIST1H2BJ; HIST1H2BK; HIST1H2BL; HIST1H2BM; HIST1H2BN; HIST1H2BO; HIST2H2BE; HIST2H2BF; HIST3H2BB; STBP; TH2B; TSH2B; TSH2B.1
UniProt ID: (Human) P0C1H6, (Human) Q7Z2G1, (Human) Q96A08, (Human) P33778, (Human) P62807, (Human) Q93079, (Human) P06899, (Human) O60814, (Human) Q99880, (Human) Q99879, (Human) Q99877, (Human) P23527, (Human) Q16778, (Human) Q5QNW6, (Human) Q8N257, (Human) P57053
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 286436, (Human) 158983, (Human) 255626, (Human) 3018, (Human) 8347, (Human) 3017, (Human) 8339, (Human) 8345, (Human) 8346, (Human) 8970, (Human) 85236, (Human) 8340, (Human) 8342, (Human) 8341, (Human) 8348, (Human) 8349, (Human) 440689, (Human) 128312, (Human) 102724334
Molecular Function: histone