Description: The 15B8 monoclonal antibody reacts with human and mouse beta-catenin, one member of a family of catenins, which are intracellular proteins that interact with cadherins to mediate cellular adhesion. More specifically, beta-catenin binds to the cytoplasmic tail of E-cadherin. In addition, this molecule is a component of the canonical Wnt signaling pathway. In the absence of Wnt binding its receptor, beta-catenin is phosphorylated and resides in the cytoplasm where it is eventually targeted for degradation by ubiquitination. Upon Wnt binding, beta-catenin becomes dephosphorylated, translocates to the nucleus, and modulates gene expression in partnership with the transcription factors T cell factor (TCF) and lymphocyte enhancer binding factor (LEF). Expression of beta-catenin is found in a wide variety of non-immune and immune tissues, including thymocytes and T and B lymphocytes. The Wnt and beta-catenin signaling pathway has been demonstrated to play a crucial role in the development of T, B, and hematopoietic stem cells.
Applications Reported: This 15B8 antibody has been reported for use in intracellular staining followed by flow cytometric analysis.
Applications Tested: This 15B8 antibody has been pre-titrated and tested by intracellular staining and flow cytometric analysis of Jurkat cell line using the Foxp3/Transcription Factor Staining Buffer Set (cat. 00-5523). This can be used at 5 µL (0.25 µg) per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test.
Excitation: 488 nm; Emission: 519 nm; Laser: Blue Laser.
Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered.
Beta-catenin, an adherens junction (AJ) protein, was originally identified as a component of cell-cell adhesion structures. AJs are necessary for the creation and maintenance of epithelial cell layers by regulating cell growth and adhesion between cells. Beta-catenin interacts with the cytoplasmic domain of E-cadherin and links E-cadherin to alpha-catenin, which in turn mediates anchorage of the E-cadherin complex to the cortical actin cytoskeleton. Studies show that Beta-catenin also binds to another cytoskeletal complex containing the adenomatous polyposis coli protein and microtubules, and interacts with several signaling pathways that include tyrosine kinases, phosphatases and Wnt/Wingless. The interplay between beta-catenin, cytoskeletal complexes and signaling pathways may regulate morphogenesis. Beta-catenin is expressed in several hair follicle cell types, basal and peripheral matrix cells, and cells of the outer and inner root sheats. A pathological role of beta-catenin has been identified in pilomatrixoma (PTR), medulloblastoma (MDB), colorectal cancer (CRC), ovarian cancer, and tumor development. In the nucleus, beta-catenin serves to co activate a family of Lef/Tcf transcription factors that stimulate transcription of target genes including those encoding cyclin D and c-myc that promote cell proliferation. The influence on cell proliferation is the molecular basis for the role of beta-catenin in tumorgenesis, specifically, solid tumors of the breast, colon, liver, lung, gastric, prostate, and skin.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: Bcatenin; Beta-catenin; Betacatenin; C20orf33; catenin; catenin (cadherin-associated protein), beta 1; catenin (cadherin-associated protein), beta 1, 88kDa; Catenin b 1; Catenin b1; Catenin beta-1; Catenin beta1; Catenin β 1; Catenin β1; CTNB1; dJ633O20.1; DKFZp686D02253; FLJ25606; FLJ37923; NYD-SP19; OTTHUMP00000209289; P14L; PP8304; RP5-1118M15.1; β catenin; βcatenin
Gene Aliases: armadillo; Bfc; Catnb; CTNNB; CTNNB1; Mesc; MRD19; OK/SW-cl.35; PRO2286