ATP citrate lyase is the primary enzyme responsible for the synthesis of cytosolic acetyl-CoA in many tissues. The enzyme is a tetramer (relative molecular weight approximately 440,000) of apparently identical subunits. It catalyzes the formation of acetyl-CoA and oxaloacetate from citrate and CoA with a concomitant hydrolysis of ATP to ADP and phosphate. The product, acetyl-CoA, serves several important biosynthetic pathways, including lipogenesis and cholesterogenesis. In nervous tissue, ATP citrate-lyase may be involved in the biosynthesis of acetylcholine. Two transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been identified for this gene.
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Protein Aliases: ACL; ATP-citrate (pro-S-)-lyase; ATP-citrate synthase; Citrate cleavage enzyme
Gene Aliases: ACL; ACLY; ATPCL; CLATP
UniProt ID: (Human) P53396
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 47