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ATCH (adrenocorticotropic hormone) is a hormone which plays a major role in stimulating the adrenal cortex. It is formed through cleavage of the polypeptide precursor proopiomelanocortin (POMC), which also results in several other cleavage products including MSH, ACTH, and beta endorphin. ATCH is secreted from the anterior pituitary in response to the corticotropin-releasing hormone from the hypothalamus. It stimulates the secretion of glucocorticoids like cortisol, but has little control over the stimulation of mineralocorticoids like aldosterone, which is another major hormone of the adrenal cortex.
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Protein Aliases: ACTH; Adrenocorticotropic hormone; adrenocorticotropin; alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone; Alpha-MSH; Beta-endorphin; Beta-LPH; beta-melanocyte-stimulating hormone; Beta-MSH; CLIP; Corticotropin; Corticotropin-like intermediary peptide; Corticotropin-lipotropin; Gamma-LPH; Gamma-MSH; Lipotropin beta; Lipotropin gamma; Melanocyte-stimulating hormone alpha; Melanocyte-stimulating hormone beta; Melanotropin alpha; Melanotropin beta; Melanotropin gamma; Met-enkephalin; NPP; opiomelanocortin prepropeptide; OTTHUMP00000119991; OTTHUMP00000200964; POMC; Potential peptide; Precursor of MSH; pro-ACTH-endorphin; Pro-opiomelanocortin; proopiomelanocortin preproprotein
Gene Aliases: ACTH; CLIP; LPH; MSH; NPP; POC; POMC
UniProt ID: (Human) P01189
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 5443