This gene encodes class IV alcohol dehydrogenase 7 mu or sigma subunit, which is a member of the alcohol dehydrogenase family. Members of this family metabolize a wide variety of substrates, including ethanol, retinol, other aliphatic alcohols, hydroxysteroids, and lipid peroxidation products. The enzyme encoded by this gene is inefficient in ethanol oxidation, but is the most active as a retinol dehydrogenase; thus it may participate in the synthesis of retinoic acid, a hormone important for cellular differentiation. The expression of this gene is much more abundant in stomach than liver, thus differing from the other known gene family members.
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Protein Aliases: ADH4; Alcohol dehydrogenase class 4 mu/sigma chain; Alcohol dehydrogenase class IV mu/sigma chain; alcohol dehydrogenase VII; alcohol dehydrogenase-7; class IV sigma-1 alcohol dehydrogenase; class IV sigmasigma alcohol dehydrogenase; Gastric alcohol dehydrogenase; ret; Retinol dehydrogenase
Gene Aliases: ADH4; ADH7
UniProt ID: (Human) P40394
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 131