|Tested species reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Host / Isotype||Rabbit / IgG|
|Immunogen||A 15 amino acid peptide near the carboxy terminus of human ATG13.|
|Purification||Antigen affinity chromatography|
|Contains||0.02% sodium azide|
|Storage Conditions||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 3 months. For long term storage store at -20°C|
|Tested Applications||Dilution *|
|Immunocytochemistry (ICC)||20 ug/ml|
|Immunofluorescence (IF)||20 ug/ml|
|Immunohistochemistry (IHC)||5 µg/ml|
|Western Blot (WB)||1 µg/ml|
* Suggested working dilutions are given as a guide only. It is recommended that the user titrate the product for use in their own experiment using appropriate negative and positive controls.
A suggested positive control is rat heart tissue lysate.
PA5-20999 can be used with blocking peptide PEP-1113.
Autophagy, the process of bulk degradation of cellular proteins through an autophagosomic-lysosomal pathway is important for normal growth control and may be defective in tumor cells. It is involved in the preservation of cellular nutrients under starvation conditions as well as the normal turnover of cytosolic components. This process is negatively regulated by TOR (Target of rapamycin) through phosphorylation of autophagy protein ATG1. ATG13 forms a complex with ULK1 and ULK2, the mammalian homologs of ATG1, and with FIP200. This complex is a target of TOR phosphorylation under normal conditions; inhibition of TOR by rapamycin or leucine deprivation leads to dephosphorylation of ATG13, ULK1 and ULK2, which then leads to autophagy. Knockdown of ATG13 inhibits autophagosome formation.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.