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When performing IHC use heat mediated antigen retrieval with citrate buffer pH 6 before commencing with IHC staining protocol.
Positive control: Human, bovine, mouse and rat heart mitochondria.
This gene encodes a subunit of mitochondrial ATP synthase. Mitochondrial ATP synthase catalyzes ATP synthesis, using an electrochemical gradient of protons across the inner membrane during oxidative phosphorylation. ATP synthase is composed of two linked multi-subunit complexes: the soluble catalytic core, F1, and the membrane-spanning component, Fo, comprising the proton channel. The catalytic portion of mitochondrial ATP synthase consists of 5 different subunits (alpha, beta, gamma, delta, and epsilon) assembled with a stoichiometry of 3 alpha, 3 beta, and a single representative of the other 3. The proton channel consists of three main subunits (a, b, c). This gene encodes the alpha subunit of the catalytic core. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding the different isoforms have been identified. Pseudogenes of this gene are located on chromosomes 9, 2, and 16.
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Protein Aliases: alpha subunit ATP synthase isoform precursor (EC 22.214.171.124); ATP synthase alpha chain, mitochondrial; ATP synthase alpha subunit; ATP synthase alpha subunit precursor; ATP synthase F1 subunit alpha; ATP synthase subunit alpha, mitochondrial; ATP synthase, H+ transporting, mitochondrial F1 complex, alpha subunit 1, cardiac muscle; ATP synthase, H+ transporting, mitochondrial F1 complex, alpha subunit, isoform 1; ATP synthase, H+ transporting, mitochondrial F1 complex, alpha subunit, isoform 1, cardiac muscle; ATP synthase, H+ transporting, mitochondrial F1 complex, alpha subunit, isoform 2, non-cardiac muscle-like 2; ATP sythase (F1-ATPase) alpha subunit; epididymis secretory sperm binding protein Li 123m; iso; mitochondrial ATP synthetase, oligomycin-resistant; mitochondrial H+-ATP synthase alpha subunit; modifier of Min 2
Gene Aliases: AI035633; AL022851; AL023067; ATP5A; ATP5A1; ATP5A2; ATP5AL2; ATP5F1A; ATPM; COXPD22; D18Ertd206e; hATP1; HEL-S-123m; MC5DN4; MOM2; OMR; ORM
Molecular Function: ATP synthase