Acetylcholinesterase hydrolyzes the neurotransmitter, acetylcholine at neuromuscular junctions and brain cholinergic synapses, and thus terminates signal transmission. The Protein is also found on the red blood cell membranes, where it constitutes the Yt blood group antigen. Acetylcholinesterase exists in multiple molecular forms which possess similar catalytic properties, but differ in their oligomeric assembly and mode of cell attachment to the cell surface. The major form of acetylcholinesterase found in brain, muscle and other tissues is the hydrophilic species, which forms disulfide-linked oligomers with collagenous, or lipid-containing structural subunits.
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Protein Aliases: Acetylcholinesterase; acetylcholinesterase (Yt blood group); AChE; apoptosis-related acetylcholinesterase; EC 18.104.22.168; glycolipid-anchored form of acetylcholinesterase; OTTHUMP00000211349; OTTHUMP00000211356; Yt blood group
Gene Aliases: ACEE; ACHE; ARACHE; N-ACHE; YT