|Tested species reactivity||Human, Mouse|
|Host / Isotype||Rabbit / IgG|
|Immunogen||Full-length human Beclin 1 protein.|
|Storage buffer||whole serum|
|Contains||0.1% sodium azide|
|Storage Conditions||4° C, do not freeze|
|Tested Applications||Dilution *|
|Western Blot (WB)||1:500|
* Suggested working dilutions are given as a guide only. It is recommended that the user titrate the product for use in their own experiment using appropriate negative and positive controls.
Suggested positive control: antigen standard for BECN1 (transient overexpression lysate).
Beclin 1 is the first identified mammalian gene to mediate autophagy and also has tumor suppressor and antiviral function. Autophagy, a process of bulk protein degradation through an autophagosomic-lysosomal pathway, is important for differentiation, survival during nutrient deprivation, and normal growth control, and is often defective in tumor cells.
Beclin 1 was originally isolated in a yeast two hybrid screen to identify Bcl-2-binding partners and maps to a tumor susceptibility locus on human chromosome 17q21 that is frequently monoallelically deleted in human breast, ovarian and prostate cancer. Beclin 1 encodes an evolutionarily conserved 60 kDa coiled coil protein that is expressed in human muscle, epithelial cells and neurons. In gene transfer studies, beclin 1 promotes nutrient deprivation-induced autophagy, inhibits mammary tumorigenesis, and inhibits viral replication. Expression of the Beclin 1 protein is frequently decreased in malignant breast epithelial cells.
Based upon these observations, it is speculated that beclin 1 may work through induction of autophagy to negatively regulate tumorigenesis and to control viral infections. Beclin 1 may also play a role in other biologic processes in which autophagy is important such as cell differentiation and nutritional stress responses.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.