|Tested species reactivity||Dog, Human, Mouse, Plant, Rat|
|Host / Isotype||Rabbit / IgG|
|Immunogen||A synthetic peptide derived from a C-terminal sequence of the human CA IX.|
|Purification||Antigen affinity chromatography|
|Contains||0.025% sodium azide|
|Storage Conditions||-20° C, Avoid Freeze/Thaw Cycles|
|Tested Applications||Dilution *|
|ChIP assay (ChIP)||Assay-Dependent|
|Flow Cytometry (Flow)||Assay-Dependent|
|Gel Shift (GS)||Assay-Dependent|
|Immunohistochemistry (Frozen) (IHC (F))||1:1000|
|Immunohistochemistry (Paraffin) (IHC (P))||1:1000|
|Western Blot (WB)||1:2000|
* Suggested working dilutions are given as a guide only. It is recommended that the user titrate the product for use in their own experiment using appropriate negative and positive controls.
Suggested positive control: antigen standard for CA9 (transient overexpression lysate), Renal carcinoma.
Carbonic anhydrase (CA) is an enzyme that assists rapid interconversion of carbon dioxide and water into carbonic acid, protons, and bicarbonate ions. It is abundant in all mammalian tissues. Because of its functionality, it has become an important diagnostic marker for various cancers, most notably renal cell carcinoma (RCC). There are many genes that are inducible by hypoxia, via HIF-1 alpha. CA IX is one of the most inducible genes because of its stability and location within the membrane. Carbonic anhydrases have a widespread role in regulating pH in normal tissues, by regulating hydrogen ion (H+) flux. The pH is important in cell death under hypoxia, thus a blockade of CA IX results in increased cell death under hypoxia. Therefore, CA IX has become a reliable histochemical marker of hypoxia.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.