CCL5 (RANTES) is a chemokine gene located on the q-arm of chromosome 17. Chemokines are a superfamily of secreted proteins involved in immunoregulatory and inflammatory processes. The superfamily is divided into four subfamilies based on the arrangement of the N-terminal cysteine residues of the mature peptide. CCL5, a member of the CC subfamily, functions as a chemoattractant for blood monocytes, memory T helper cells, and eosinophils. It causes the release of histamine from basophils and activates eosinophils. This cytokine is one of the major HIV-suppressive factors produced by CD8+ cells. It functions as one of the natural ligands for the chemokine receptor chemokine (C-C motif) receptor 5 (CCR5), and it suppresses in vitro replication of the R5 strains of HIV-1, which use CCR5 as a coreceptor. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants that encode different isoforms. Diseases associated with CCL5 include Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 and Periapical Granuloma.
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Protein Aliases: beta-chemokine RANTES; C-C motif chemokine 5; chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 5; EoCP; Eosinophil chemotactic cytokine; MGC17164; MuRantes; OTTHUMP00000197106; RANTES(3-68); RANTES(4-68); regulated upon activation, normally T-expressed, and presumably secreted; SIS δ; SIS-delta; SISδ; small inducible cytokine A5; small inducible cytokine subfamily A (Cys-Cys), member 5; Small-inducible cytokine A5; T cell-specific protein P228; T-cell specific protein p288; T-cell-specific protein RANTES; TCP228
Gene Aliases: CCL5; D17S136E; eoCP; MuRantes; RANTES; SCYA5; SIS-delta; SISd; TCP228