Description: The eBioH4A3 monoclonal antibody reacts with human CD107a, also known as lysosomal-associated membrane protein-1 (LAMP-1). CD107a is a highly glycosylated protein of approximately 110kDa. It is predominantly expressed intracellularly in the lysosomal/endosomal membrane in nearly all cells. CD107a is transiently expressed on the cell surface of degranulating cytolytic T cells, and is also upregulated on the surface of activated platelets and some cancer cells.
Applications Reported: Purified anti-human CD107a (LAMP-1) has been reported for use in flow cytometric analysis, immunohistochemistry, immunocytochemistry, and immunoblotting. It has also been reported for use in surface staining in a flow cytometric based degranulation assay. (Fluorochrome conjugated eBioH4B4 (H4B4) is recommended for use in flow cytometry.).
Applications Tested: This eBioH4A3 antibody has been tested by intracellular staining and flow cytometric analysis, immunocytochemistry of methanol-fixed cells, immunohistochemistry of formalin-fixed paraffin embedded human tissue using high or low pH antigen retrieval, or western blotting. For flow cytometry this can be used at less than or equal to 0.5 µg per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test. For both immunocytochemistry and immunohistochemistry, this can be used at less than or equal to 5 µg/mL. It is recommended that the antibody be carefully titrated for optimal performance in the assay of interest.
Purity: Greater than 90%, as determined by SDS-PAGE.
Aggregation: Less than 10%, as determined by HPLC.
Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered.
LAMP1 (CD107a, lysosome-associated membrane protein-1) together with LAMP-2, is a major constituent of lysosomal membrane, 1-2% of total CD107a is found also on the plasma membrane. LAMP1 is a heavily glycosylated membrane protein which contains a putative signal peptide, 18 sites for N-linked glycosylation, a single membrane-spanning segment and a short (11 amino acid) cytosolic tail. The LAMP proteins are involved in lysosome biogenesis and are required for fusion of lysosomes with phagosomes. LAMP1 is a type 1 integral membrane protein that is transported from trans-Golgi network to endosomes and then lysosomes. Upon cell activation, LAMP1 transfer to the plasma membrane is dependent on a carboyxl-terminal tyrosine based motif (YXXI). Perturbation in the spacing between the tyrosine based motif relative to the membrane abolishes lysosome localization of LAMP1, and this mutant protein then cycles between the plasma membrane and the endosome. Cell surface LAMP1 (and LAMP2) have been shown to promote adhesion of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) to vascular endothelium, therefore, they are possibly involved in the adhesion of PBMC to the site of inflammation. Increased LAMP1 immunoreactivity is observed in neurons and glial cells surrounding senile plaques in Alzheimer's Disease (AD) cases, and is localized in medullary epithelial cells, single macrophages and lymphocytes in acute thymic involution. LAMP1 is a good marker of mast cell activation.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: CD107 antigen-like family member A; CD107a; LAMP-1; lysosomal-associated membrane protein 1; Lysosome-associated membrane glycoprotein 1; lysosome-associated membrane protein 1
Gene Aliases: CD107a; LAMP1; LAMPA; LGP120
UniProt ID: (Human) P11279
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 3916