FIGURE: 1 / 1
CD16 encodes a receptor that recognizes the Fc portion of immunoglobulin G and is involved in the clearance of immune complexes from the circulation, as well as other functions such as cellular mediated cytotoxicity and enhancement of virus infections. This gene, FCGR3A, shares a high degree of similarity with another nearby gene, FCGR3B, located on chromosome 1. The receptor encoded by this gene is expressed on natural killer (NK) cells as an integral membrane glycoprotein anchored through a transmembrane peptide, while FCGR3B is expressed on polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) where the receptor is anchored through a phosphatidylinositol (PI) linkage. Mutations in this gene have been associated with immunodeficiency 20 and have been linked to susceptibility to recurrent viral infections, susceptibility to systemic lupus erythematosus, and alloimmune neonatal neutropenia. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. Diseases associated with FCGR3A include Immunodeficiency 20 and Herpes Zoster.
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Protein Aliases: CD16-I; CD16-II; CD16a; CD16a antigen; CD16b; CD32 receptor 2; Fc fragment of IgG low affinity IIIa receptor; Fc fragment of IgG, low affinity III, receptor for (CD16); Fc fragment of IgG, low affinity IIIa, receptor (CD16a); Fc fragment of IgG, low affinity IIIb, receptor (CD16b); Fc gamma receptor III-A; Fc gamma receptor IIIa; Fc gamma receptor IIIb; Fc-gamma receptor III-2 (CD 16); Fc-gamma receptor IIIb (CD 16); Fc-gamma receptor IIIb (CD16); Fc-gamma RIII; Fc-gamma RIII-alpha; Fc-gamma RIII-beta; Fc-gamma RIIIa; fc-gamma RIIIb; FCG2; FcgammaRIIIA; FCGR2; FCGR2A; FCGR2B; FCGR2C; FcR-10; FcRII-b; FcRII-c; IgG Fc receptor III-1; IgG Fc receptor III-2; IgG Fc receptor III-A; immunoglobulin G Fc receptor III; Low affinity immunoglobulin gamma Fc region receptor III-A; Low affinity immunoglobulin gamma Fc region receptor III-B; neutrophil-specific antigen NA; RP11-5K23.1
Gene Aliases: CD16; CD16A; CD16B; FCG3; FCGR3; FCGR3A; FCGR3B; FCGRIII; FCR-10; FCRIII; FCRIIIA; FCRIIIb; IGFR3; IMD20
Molecular Function: immunoglobulin receptor superfamily