Description: This 15-414 monoclonal antibody reacts with human CD172a, also known as signal regulatory protein alpha (SIRP alpha). This cell surface glycoprotein consists of three Ig-like extracellular domains and two cytoplasmic immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motifs (ITIMs). The ITIM domains have been demonstrated to recruit and bind the Src homology 2 domain-containing phosphatases SHP-1 and SHP-2. CD172a is expressed on monocytes, granulocytes, dendritic cells, and CD34+CD38- hematopoietic progenitor cells but not on T and B lymphocytes. Moreover, neurons have also been shown to express CD172. The integrin-associated protein CD47 is the extracellular ligand for CD172a. Studies show that CD172a is involved in dendritic cell-mediated T cell activation, neutrophil migration, and phagocytosis.
Applications Reported: This 15-414 antibody has been reported for use in flow cytometric analysis.
Applications Tested: This 15-414 antibody has been pre-titrated and tested by flow cytometric analysis of human peripheral blood cells. This can be used at 5 µL (0.5 µg) per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test.
Excitation: 633-647 nm; Emission: 660 nm; Laser: Red Laser.
Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered.
CD172a, also known as signal-regulatory protein alpha, is a receptor-type transmembrane glycoprotein expressed on cells of myeloid origin, including granulocytes, dendritic cells (DCs), macrophages, mast cells and haematopoietic stem cells. CD172a acts as a substrate for several activated tyrosine kinases, including EGFR, PDGFR, src and insulin receptor and is involved in the negative regulation of receptor tyrosine kinase-coupled signaling pathways. Ligand binding of CD172a to integrin-associated protein CD47, results in tyrosine kinase phosphorylation of immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motifs (ITIMs) within the cytoplasmic region of CD172a, mediating the recruitment and activation of the tyrosine phosphatases SHP-1 and SHP-2. These then act as regulators of cellular function, through dephosphorylation of specific substrates. Ligation of CD172a with CD47 has been demonstrated in several regulatory processes, including the inhibition of host cell phagocytosis by macrophages and the bi-directional activation of T cells and DCs.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: Bit; Brain Ig-like molecule with tyrosine-based activation motifs; brain-immunoglobulin-like molecule with tyrosine-based activation motifs; CD172 antigen-like family member A; CD172a; Inhibitory receptor SHPS-1; Macrophage fusion receptor; MyD-1 antigen; p84; SHP substrate 1; SHPS-1; signal-regulatory protein alpha; Signal-regulatory protein alpha-1; Signal-regulatory protein alpha-2; Signal-regulatory protein alpha-3; Sirp-alpha-1; Sirp-alpha-2; Sirp-alpha-3; tyrosine phosphatase SHP substrate 1; Tyrosine-protein phosphatase non-receptor type substrate 1
Gene Aliases: BIT; CD172A; MFR; MYD-1; MYD1; P84; PTPNS1; SHPS1; SIRP; SIRPA
UniProt ID: (Human) Q9H0Z2
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 140885