Description: The 12G5 monoclonal antibody reacts with human CD184 (CXCR4), also termed Fusin, LESTR, or HUMSTR. CD184 is a member of the G-protein-coupled chemokine receptor family with seven membrane-spanning domains, and functions as a coreceptor for X4 HIV-1 entry into CD4+ cells. CD184 is expressed predominantly on naive T cell subsets of peripheral blood and is rapidly upregulated by PHA and IL-2 stimulation. The 12G5 antibody shows partial inhibition of chemotaxis and calcium influx induced by SDF-1 (the natural ligand of CD184), blocks CD4-independent HIV-2 infection, and blocks CD4-dependent infection by some T-tropic HIV-1 isolates.
Applications Reported: This 12G5 antibody has been reported for use in flow cytometric analysis.
Applications Tested: This 12G5 antibody has been pre-titrated and tested by flow cytometric analysis of normal human peripheral blood cells. This can be used at 5 µL (0.06 µg) per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test.
PerCP-eFluor® 710 emits at 710 nm and is excited with the blue laser (488 nm); it can be used in place of PerCP-Cyanine5.5. We recommend using a 710/50 bandpass filter, however, the 695/40 bandpass filter is an acceptable alternative. Please make sure that your instrument is capable of detecting this fluorochrome.
Fixation: Samples can be stored in IC Fixation Buffer (cat. 00-8222) (100 µL of cell sample + 100 µL of IC Fixation Buffer) or 1-step Fix/Lyse Solution (cat. 00-5333) for up to 3 days in the dark at 4°C with minimal impact on brightness and FRET efficiency/compensation. Some generalizations regarding fluorophore performance after fixation can be made, but clone specific performance should be determined empirically.
Excitation: 488 nm; Emission: 710 nm; Laser: Blue Laser.
Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered.
Receptor for the C-X-C chemokine CXCL12/SDF-1 that transduces a signal by increasing intracellular calcium ion levels and enhancing MAPK1/MAPK3 activation. Acts as a receptor for extracellular ubiquitin; leading to enhanced intracellular calcium ions and reduced cellular cAMP levels. Involved in hematopoiesis and in cardiac ventricular septum formation. Also plays an essential role in vascularization of the gastrointestinal tract, probably by regulating vascular branching and/or remodeling processes in endothelial cells. Involved in cerebellar development. In the CNS, could mediate hippocampal-neuron survival. Acts as a coreceptor (CD4 being the primary receptor) for HIV-1 X4 isolates and as a primary receptor for some HIV-2 isolates. Promotes Env-mediated fusion of the virus. Binds bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) et mediates LPS-induced inflammatory response, including TNF secretion by monocytes.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4; CD184; CD184 antigen; chemokine (C-X-C motif) receptor 4; chemokine receptor; CXC Chemokine Receptor 4; CXC-R4; FB22; Fusin; HM89; HUMSTR; LAP-3; LCR1; LESTR; Leukocyte-derived seven transmembrane domain receptor; Lipopolysaccharide-associated protein 3; LPS-associated protein 3; neuropeptide Y receptor Y3; neuropeptide Y3 receptor; NPYRL; SDF-1 receptor; seven transmembrane helix receptor; seven-transmembrane-segment receptor, spleen; Stromal cell-derived factor 1 receptor
Gene Aliases: CD184; CXCR4; D2S201E; FB22; HM89; HSY3RR; LAP-3; LAP3; LCR1; LESTR; NPY3R; NPYR; NPYRL; NPYY3R; WHIM; WHIMS
UniProt ID: (Human) P61073
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 7852
Molecular Function: cell adhesion molecule cytokine receptor defense/immunity protein hydrolase immunoglobulin receptor superfamily immunoglobulin superfamily cell adhesion molecule phosphatase protein phosphatase receptor