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Description: The 2B11 monoclonal antibody reacts with mouse and human CXCR4, also known as CD184, Fusin, LESTR, or HUMSTR. Fusin is a member of the G-protein-coupled chemokine receptor family with seven membrane-spanning domains, and functions as a coreceptor for X4 HIV-1 entry into CD4+ cells. In addition it has been shown to play a role in lymphocyte migration. The ligand for CXCR4 is SDF1. CXCR4 is required for maintenance of granulocyte progenitors in the bone marrow and essential for B cell development. Expression of CXCR4 is different between mice and human. In the thymus CXCR4 is restricted to CD4+CD8+ cells while in the spleen predominant expression is found on B lymphocytes.
The monoclonal antibody 2B11 recognizes the amino terminus of CXCR4 and has been reported to have functional activity; it does not block SDF1a but causes internalization of the receptor.
Applications Reported: This 2B11 antibody has been reported for use in flow cytometric analysis and functional assays.
Applications Tested: This 2B11 antibody has been tested by flow cytometric analysis of mouse splenocytes. This can be used at less than or equal to 0.5 µg per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test. It is recommended that the antibody be carefully titrated for optimal performance in the assay of interest.
Endotoxin: Less than 0.001 ng/ug antibody as determined by the LAL assay.
Storage and handling: Use in a sterile environment.
Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered.
Purity: Greater than 90%, as determined by SDS-PAGE.
Endotoxin Level: Less than 0.001 ng/µg antibody, as determined by LAL assay.
Aggregation: Less than 10%, as determined by HPLC.
Receptor for the C-X-C chemokine CXCL12/SDF-1 that transduces a signal by increasing intracellular calcium ion levels and enhancing MAPK1/MAPK3 activation. Acts as a receptor for extracellular ubiquitin; leading to enhanced intracellular calcium ions and reduced cellular cAMP levels. Involved in hematopoiesis and in cardiac ventricular septum formation. Also plays an essential role in vascularization of the gastrointestinal tract, probably by regulating vascular branching and/or remodeling processes in endothelial cells. Involved in cerebellar development. In the CNS, could mediate hippocampal-neuron survival. Acts as a coreceptor (CD4 being the primary receptor) for HIV-1 X4 isolates and as a primary receptor for some HIV-2 isolates. Promotes Env-mediated fusion of the virus. Binds bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) et mediates LPS-induced inflammatory response, including TNF secretion by monocytes.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.