Description: The 2B11 monoclonal antibody reacts with mouse and human CXCR4, also known as CD184, Fusin, LESTR, or HUMSTR. Fusin is a member of the G-protein-coupled chemokine receptor family with seven membrane-spanning domains, and functions as a coreceptor for X4 HIV-1 entry into CD4+ cells. In addition it has been shown to play a role in lymphocyte migration. The ligand for CXCR4 is SDF1. CXCR4 is required for maintenance of granulocyte progenitors in the bone marrow and essential for B cell development. Expression of CXCR4 is different between mice and human. In the thymus CXCR4 is restricted to CD4+CD8+ cells while in the spleen predominant expression is found on B lymphocytes.
The monoclonal antibody 2B11 recognizes the amino terminus of CXCR4 and has been reported to have functional activity; it does not block SDF1a but causes internalization of the receptor.
Applications Reported: This 2B11 antibody has been reported for use in flow cytometric analysis.
Applications Tested: This 2B11 antibody has been tested by flow cytometric analysis of mouse thymocytes. This can be used at less than or equal to 1 µg per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test. It is recommended that the antibody be carefully titrated for optimal performance in the assay of interest.
Excitation: 488 nm; Emission: 519 nm; Laser: Blue Laser.
Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered.
CXCR4 (Fusin, LESTR, HUMSTR) is a member of the G-protein-coupled chemokine receptor family with seven membrane-spanning domains, and functions as a co-receptor for X4 HIV-1 entry into CD4+ cells. CXCR4 has been proved to be the co-receptor for HIV-2's binding to CD4 through envelope glycoprotein gp 120 and promotes Env-mediated fusion of the virus. In other cases, CXCR4 can even function as the only receptor for HIV-2's binding to the CD4 host cells. CXCR4 is the receptor for the C-X-C chemokine CXCL12/SDF-1 that transduces a signal by increasing intracellular calcium ion levels and enhancing MAPK1/MAPK3 activation. CXCR4 acts as a receptor for extracellular ubiquitin; leading to enhanced intracellular calcium ions and reduced cellular cAMP levels. Also, CXCR4 is involved in hematopoiesis and in cardiac ventricular septum formation, and plays an essential role in vascularization of the gastrointestinal tract, probably by regulating vascular branching and/or remodeling processes in endothelial cells. In the CNS, CXCR4 could mediate hippocampal-neuron survival and is involved in cerebellar development. CXCR4 binds bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and mediates LPS-induced inflammatory response, including TNF secretion by monocytes. Antibodies to CXCR4 block HIV-1 and HIV-2 fusion and infection of human target cells. The amino-terminal domain and the second extracellular loop of CXCR4 serve as HIV biding sites.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: C Cmotif chemokine; C X C motif chemokine; C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4; CC motif chemokine; CCmotif chemokine; CD antigen CD184; CD184; chemokine (C-X-C) receptor 4; chemokine receptor 4; CXC; CXC motif chemokine; CXC-R4; CXCR-4; Fusin; HUMSTR; LESTR; Leukocyte-derived seven transmembrane domain receptor; leukocyte-expressed seven-transmembrane-domain; PB-CKR; Pre-B-cell-derived chemokine receptor; SDF-1 receptor; Stromal cell-derived factor 1 receptor
Gene Aliases: b2b220Clo; CD184; Cmkar4; Cxcr4; LESTR; PB-CKR; PBSF/SDF-1; Sdf1r
UniProt ID: (Mouse) P70658
Entrez Gene ID: (Mouse) 12767
Molecular Function: cell adhesion molecule cytokine receptor defense/immunity protein hydrolase immunoglobulin receptor superfamily immunoglobulin superfamily cell adhesion molecule phosphatase protein phosphatase receptor