This product is recommended for qualitative immunohistochemistry with normal and neoplastic formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues, to be viewed by light microscopy. Staining requires boiling tissue in 10mM citrate buffer, pH 6.0, for 10-20 min followed by cooling at room temperature for 20 min. This antibody will not cross-react with cow, dog, pig or rat.
CD20 is a non-glycosylated surface phosphoprotein that has a molecular weight range of 33-37 kDa depending on the degree of phosphorylation. CD20 is expressed on mature and most malignant B cells, in a subpopulation of T lymphocytes and follicular dendritic cells. CD20 expression on B cells is synchronous with the expression of surface IgM and it regulates transmembrane calcium conductance, cell cycle progression and B-cell proliferation. CD20 is also associated with lipid rafts, but the intensity of this association depends on extracellular triggering, employing CD20 conformational change, and/or BCR (B cell antigen receptor) aggregation. After the receptor ligation, BCR and CD20 colocalize and then rapidly dissociate before BCR endocytosis, whereas CD20 remains at the cell surface. CD20 serves as a useful target for antibody-mediated therapeutic depletion of B cells, as it is expressed at high levels on most B-cell malignancies, but does not become internalized or shed from the plasma membrane following monoclonal antibody treatment. Diseases associated with CD20 dysfunction include Ms4a1-related common variable immune deficiency.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: B-lymphocyte antigen CD20; B-lymphocyte cell-surface antigen B1; B-lymphocyte surface antigen B1; Bp35; CD20; CD20 antigen; CD20 receptor; LEU-16; Leukocyte surface antigen Leu-16; Membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A member 1; membrane-spanning 4-domains, subfamily A, member 1; MGC3969; MS4A1
Gene Aliases: B1; Bp35; CD20; CVID5; LEU-16; MS4A1; MS4A2; S7
UniProt ID: (Human) P11836
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 931
Molecular Function: receptor