Description: This 19.2 monoclonal antibody reacts with human CD206, which is also known as the macrophage mannose receptor (MMR). CD206 is expressed on macrophages and dendritic cells. This type I transmembrane protein can also be detected on non-immune cells, including hepatic and lymphathic epithelia and kidney mesengial cells. CD206 binds to glycoproteins that terminate in D-mannose, L-fucose, or N-acetylglucosamine, as well as a variety of hormones. This receptor undergoes constitutive internalization and recycling between the plasma membrane and the endosomal compartment. CD206 is involved in antigen processing and presentation, cell migration, and intracellular signaling. Moreover, CD206 plays a key role in phagocytosis pathogens such as Candida albicans, Leishmania, and Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
Applications Reported: This 19.2 antibody has been reported for use in flow cytometric analysis.
Applications Tested: This 19.2 antibody has been pre-titrated and tested by flow cytometric analysis of stimulated normal human peripheral blood monocytes. This can be used at 5 µL (0.06 µg) per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test.
Excitation: 633-647 nm; Emission: 660 nm; Laser: Red Laser.
Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered.
CD206 (MSR, Mannose receptor, MRC1) is a 175 kDa transmembrane protein belonging to the group of pattern recognition receptors. CD206 is predominantly expressed in tissue macrophages, dendritic cells, a subpopulation of endothelial cells and sperm cells. CD206 is thought to play a role in the innate and adaptive immune response. CD206 is also expressed on microglia and mato cells of the brain but not astrocytes or neurons. CD206 also mediate the recognition and uptake of a variety of macromolecules, including modified lipoproteins, advanced glycation end (AGEs) products and amyloid b-protein (Abeta). While the normal role of CD206 is associated with cell adhesion and host defense mechanisms, it also has been implicated in the development of atherosclerosis and Amyloid beta deposition in Alzheimer's disease (AD). CD206's gene encodes the class A macrophage scavenger receptors, which include three different types (1, 2, 3) generated by alternative splicing. The isoforms type 1 and type 2 are functional receptors and are able to mediate the endocytosis of modified low density lipoproteins (LDLs). The isoform type 3 does not internalize modified LDL (acetyl-LDL) despite having the domain shown to mediate this function in the types 1 and 2 isoforms. CD206 has an altered intracellular processing and is trapped within the endoplasmic reticulum, making it unable to perform endocytosis. The isoform type 3 can inhibit the function of isoforms type 1 and type 2 when co-expressed, indicating a dominant negative effect and suggesting a mechanism for regulation of scavenger receptor activity in macrophages. Other diseases associated with CD206 dysfunction include leprosy and Gaucher's Disease.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: C-type lectin domain family 13 member D; C-type lectin domain family 13 member D-like; CD206; hMR; Human mannose receptor; Macrophage mannose receptor 1; Macrophage mannose receptor 1-like protein 1; mannose receptor, C type 1-like 1; MMR
Gene Aliases: bA541I19.1; CD206; CLEC13D; CLEC13DL; hMR; MMR; MRC1; MRC1L1
UniProt ID: (Human) P22897
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 4360