Description: The PC61.5 antibody reacts with mouse CD25, the 55 kDa interleukin-2 receptor alpha chain (IL-2R alpha). CD25 is expressed by early progenitors of the T and B lineage as well as by activated mature T and B lymphocytes. By itself, CD25 binds IL-2 only with low affinity. However, CD25 associates with CD122 (IL-2 receptor beta chain) and CD132 (common gamma chain) to form the high affinity IL-2 receptor. Binding of IL-2 to both the high and low affinity classes of IL-2 receptor is inhibited by the PC61.5 antibody. CD25 plays a role in lymphocyte differentiation and activation/proliferation.
Applications Reported: This PC61.5 antibody has been reported for use in flow cytometric analysis.
Applications Tested: This PC61.5 antibody has been tested by flow cytometric analysis of mouse splenocytes. This may be used at less than or equal to 0.25 µg per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test. It is recommended that the antibody be carefully titrated for optimal performance in the assay of interest.
Excitation: 488 nm; Emission: 520 nm; Laser: Blue Laser
CD25 (IL2 receptor alpha chain/IL2RA) is a cytokine that plays a role in the proliferation of T and B lymphocytes. The receptor of this cytokine (IL2RA) is a heterotrimeric protein complex with a gamma chain also shared by interleukin 4 (IL4) and interleukin 7 (IL7). IL2RA, IL2R beta chain (IL2RB), and the IL2R gamma chain (IL2RG), constitute the high-affinity IL2 receptor. Homodimeric IL2RA chains result in low-affinity receptor, while homodimeric IL2RB chains produce a medium-affinity receptor. The expression of IL2 in mature thymocytes is monoallelic, which represents an unusual regulatory mode for controlling the precise expression of a single gene. IL2 is primarily produced by mature T cells. IL2 plays an important role as a growth factor, differentiation factor, and regulator of cell death. IL-2 stimulates the proliferation of B cells, augments natural killer cell activity, and inhibits granulocyte macrophage colony formation. The targeted disruption of a similar gene in mice leads to ulcerative colitis-like disease, which suggests a role in the immune response to antigenic stimuli. Mutations in this gene are associated with interleukin 2 receptor alpha deficiency.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: CD25; IL-2 receptor subunit alpha; IL-2-RA; IL-2R alpha chain; IL-2R subunit alpha; IL2-RA; Interleukin-2 receptor subunit alpha; p55; p55 chain
Gene Aliases: CD25; Il2r; Il2ra; Ly-43
UniProt ID: (Mouse) P01590
Entrez Gene ID: (Mouse) 16184