Description: The MIH1 monoclonal antibody reacts with human B7-H1, also known as PD-L1. B7-H1, a member of the B7 family, has a predicted molecular weight of approximately 40 kDa and belongs to the Ig superfamily. B7-H1 is expressed on a majority of leukocytes. B7-H1 is a ligand for PD-1. Interaction of PD-1 with either PD-L1 (B7-H1) or PD-L2 (B7-DC) results in inhibition of T and B cell responses. MIH1 is reported to be a blocking antibody.
Applications Reported: The MIH1 antibody has been reported for use in flow cytometric analysis, and immunohistochemical staining of frozen tissue sections. It has also been reported in blocking in in vitro functional assays. (Please use Functional Grade purified MIH1, cat. 16-5983, in functional assays.).
Applications Tested: The MIH1 antibody has been tested by flow cytometric analysis of normal human peripheral blood cells. This can be used at less than or equal to 1 µg per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test. It is recommended that the antibody be carefully titrated for optimal performance in the assay of interest.
Purity: Greater than 90%, as determined by SDS-PAGE.
Aggregation: Less than 10%, as determined by HPLC.
Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered.
Programmed death receptor ligand 1 (PD-L1, also called B7-H1) is a recently described B7 family member. To date, one specific receptor has been identified that can be ligated by PD-L1. This receptor, programmed death receptor 1 (PD-1), has been shown to negatively regulate T-cell receptor (TCR) signaling. Upon ligating its receptor, PD-L1 has been reported to decrease TCR-mediated proliferation and cytokine production. PD-L1 expression was found to be abundant on many murine and human cancers and could be further up-regulated upon IFN-gamma stimulation. Thus, PD-L1 might play an important role in tumor immune evasion.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: B7 homolog 1; B7-H; B7-H1; B7H1; CD274; CD274 antigen; PD-L1; PDCD1 ligand 1; PDCD1L1; PDCD1LG1; PDL1; Programmed cell death 1 ligand 1; programmed death ligand 1
Gene Aliases: B7-H; B7H1; CD274; PD-L1; PDCD1L1; PDCD1LG1; PDL1
UniProt ID: (Human) Q9NZQ7
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 29126