Description: The MIH1 monoclonal antibody reacts with human B7-H1, also known as PD-L1. B7-H1, a member of the B7 family, has a predicted molecular weight of approximately 40 kDa and belongs to the Ig superfamily. B7-H1 is expressed on a majority of leukocytes. B7-H1 is a ligand for PD-1. Interaction of PD-1 with either PD-L1 (B7-H1) or PD-L2 (B7-DC) results in inhibition of T and B cell responses. MIH1 is reported to be a blocking antibody.
Applications Reported: The MIH1 antibody has been reported for use in flow cytometric analysis. It has also been reported in blocking in in vitro functional assays.
Applications Tested: The MIH1 antibody has been tested by flow cytometric analysis of normal human peripheral blood cells. This can be used at less than or equal to 1 µg per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test. It is recommended that the antibody be carefully titrated for optimal performance in the assay of interest.
Storage and handling: Use in a sterile environment.
Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered.
Purity: Greater than 90%, as determined by SDS-PAGE.
Endotoxin Level: Less than 0.001 ng/µg antibody, as determined by LAL assay.
Aggregation: Less than 10%, as determined by HPLC.
Programmed death receptor ligand 1 (PD-L1, also called B7-H1) is a recently described B7 family member. To date, one specific receptor has been identified that can be ligated by PD-L1. This receptor, programmed death receptor 1 (PD-1), has been shown to negatively regulate T-cell receptor (TCR) signaling. Upon ligating its receptor, PD-L1 has been reported to decrease TCR-mediated proliferation and cytokine production. PD-L1 expression was found to be abundant on many murine and human cancers and could be further up-regulated upon IFN-gamma stimulation. Thus, PD-L1 might play an important role in tumor immune evasion.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: B7 homolog 1; B7-H1; CD274; CD274 antigen; PD-L1; PDCD1 ligand 1; pdl-1; Programmed cell death 1 ligand 1; sCD274; soluble CD274; soluble PD L1; sPD L1
Gene Aliases: B7-H; B7H1; CD274; PD-L1; PDCD1L1; PDCD1LG1; PDL1
UniProt ID: (Human) Q9NZQ7
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 29126
Molecular Function: immunoglobulin receptor superfamily