|Tested species reactivity||Mouse, Rhesus monkey, Rat|
|Host / Isotype||Armenian hamster / IgG|
|Storage buffer||PBS, pH 7.2, with 0.1% gelatin|
|Contains||0.09% sodium azide|
|Storage Conditions||4° C, store in dark, DO NOT FREEZE!|
|Tested Applications||Dilution *|
|Flow Cytometry (Flow)||0.06 µg/test|
* Suggested working dilutions are given as a guide only. It is recommended that the user titrate the product for use in their own experiment using appropriate negative and positive controls.
Description: The C398.4A monoclonal antibody reacts with ICOS (Inducible Costimulatory molecule), also known as H4/CRP-1/AILIM, and cross-reacts with mouse and rat ICOS. ICOS is a T cell specific activation molecule and a third member of the CD28/CTLA-4 family. A dimer of 47-57 kDa, ICOS is expressed on activated T cells, has potent costimulatory activity for T cell activation and proliferation and is required for humoral immune response. ICOS binds to its ligand on activated APC including B cells called B7h/B7RP-1, is thought to play a protective role in inflammatory autoimmune diseases and be involved in the development of Th2 cells. C398.4A is reported to display strong costimulation of proliferation of T cell clones, intermediate costimulation on activated T cells, and weak costimulation on fresh resting T cells. It is a good costimulator of IL-10 production especially from pre-activated cells that express high level of H4/ICOS. The epitope recognized by C398.4A is different from that bound by the ICOSL (i.e., C398.4A does not block binding of ICOSL).
Applications Reported: The C398.4A antibody has been reported for use in flow cytometric analysis.
Applications Tested: This C398.4A antibody has been tested by flow cytometric analysis of Con A-stimulated mouse splenocytes. This can be used at less than or equal to 0.06 µg per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test. It is recommended that the antibody be carefully titrated for optimal performance in the assay of interest.
Light sensitivity: This tandem dye is sensitive photo-induced oxidation. Please protect this vial and stained samples from light.
Fixation: Samples can be stored in IC Fixation Buffer (cat. 00-8222) (100 µL cell sample + 100 µL IC Fixation Buffer) or 1-step Fix/Lyse Solution (cat. 00-5333) for up to 3 days in the dark at 4°C with minimal impact on brightness and FRET efficiency/compensation. Some generalizations regarding fluorophore performance after fixation can be made, but clone specific performance should be determined empirically.
Excitation: 488-561 nm; Emission: 667 nm; Laser: Blue Laser, Green Laser, Yellow-Green Laser
CD278 belongs to the CD28 and CTLA-4 cell-surface receptor family and is highly expressed in activated T-cells. It is essential both for efficient interaction between T and B-cells and for normal antibody responses to T-cell dependent antigens. It enhances all basic T-cell responses to a foreign antigen, namely proliferation, secretion of lymphokines, up-regulation of molecules that mediate cell-cell interaction, and effective help for antibody secretion by B-cells.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.