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Description: The J43 monoclonal antibody reacts with mouse PD-1 (programmed death-1), a 55 kDa member of the Ig superfamily. PD-1 contains the immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (ITIM) and plays a key role in peripheral tolerance and autoimmune disease in mice. PD-1 is expressed mainly on activated T and B lymphocytes. Two novel B7 Family members have been identified as PD-1 ligands, PD-L1 (B7-H1) and PD-L2 (B7-DC). Evidence reported to date suggests overlapping functions for these ligands and their constitutive expression on some normal tissues and upregulation on activated antigen-presenting cells. It is reported that J43 inhibits the binding of mouse PD-L1-Ig and mouse PD-L2-Ig to PD-1/BHK transfected cells. When administrated in vivo, both intact and Fab of J43 are reported to enhance contact hypersensitivity and exacerbate acute GVHD similar to transfer of PD-1-deficient cells. Injection of J43 also exacerbates EAE and NOD diabetes as do specific antibodies to mouse PD-L1 and PD-L2.
Applications Reported: The J43 antibody has been reported for use in flow cytometric analysis. It has also been reported for use in in vitro functional assays.
Applications Tested: The J43 antibody has been tested by flow cytometric analysis of mouse Con-A activated spleen cells and mouse PD-1 transfected cells. This can be used at less than or equal to 0.5 µg per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test. It is recommended that the antibody be carefully titrated for optimal performance in the assay of interest.
Endotoxin: Less than 0.001 ng/ug antibody as determined by the LAL assay.
Storage and handling: Use in a sterile environment.
Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered.
Purity: Greater than 90%, as determined by SDS-PAGE.
Endotoxin Level: Less than 0.001 ng/µg antibody, as determined by LAL assay.
Aggregation: Less than 10%, as determined by HPLC.
Cell-mediated immune responses are initiated by T lymphocytes that are themselves stimulated by cognate peptides bound to MHC molecules on antig en-presenting cells (APC). T-cell activation is generally self-limited as activated T cells express receptors such as PD-1 (also known as PDCD-1) that mediate inhibitory signals from the APC. PD-1 can bind two different but related ligands, PDL-1 and PDL-2. Upon binding to either of these ligands, signals generated by PD-1 inhibit the activation of the immune response in the absence of ""danger signals"" such as LPS or other molecules associated with bacteria or other pathogens. Evidence for this is seen in PD1-null mice who exhibit hyperactivated immune systems and autoimmune diseases. Despite its predicted molecular weight, PD-1 often migrates at higher molecular weight in SDS-PAGE.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
CD279; mPD-1; PD1; Programmed cell death protein 1; Protein PD-1