Description: The 390 monoclonal antibody reacts with mouse CD31, also known as platelet-endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (PECAM-1) and gpIIa. This 130-140 kDa surface protein is expressed by endothelial cells and at low levels on all leukocytes and platelets. It has been reported that CD38 binds to CD31. Homotypic interaction of CD31 is important in adhesion, cell-cell and cell-matrix interaction, and signal transduction.
Applications Reported: This 390 antibody has been reported for use in flow cytometric analysis, and immunohistochemical staining of frozen tissue sections.
Applications Tested: The 390 antibody has been tested by flow cytometric analysis of mouse thymocytes and splenocytes. This can be used at less than or equal to 1 µg per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test. The 390 antibody has been tested by immunohistochemistry of frozen tissue and can be used at less than or equal to 20 µg/mL. It is recommended that the antibody be carefully titrated for optimal performance in the assay of interest.
Excitation: 488 nm; Emission: 520 nm; Laser: Blue Laser.
Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered.
CD31 (platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1, PECAM-1) is an inhibitory coreceptor involved in regulation of T cell and B cell signaling by a dual immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (ITIM) that upon associated kinases-mediated phosphorylation provide docking sites for protein-tyrosine phosphatases. CD31 is expressed ubiquitously within the vascular compartment and is located mainly at junctions between adjacent cells. N-terminal Ig-like domain of CD31 is responsible for its homophilic binding, which plays an important role in cell-cell interactions. CD31 is a multifunctional molecule with diverse roles in modulation of integrin-mediated cell adhesion, transendothelial migration, angiogenesis, apoptosis, negative regulation of immunoreceptor signaling, autoimmunity, macrophage phagocytosis, IgE-mediated anaphylaxis and thrombosis. It is one of key regulatory molecules in vascular system.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: adhesion molecule; CD31 antigen; CD31/EndoCAM; endoCAM; GPIIA'; PECA1; PECAM-1; platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule
Gene Aliases: C85791; Cd31; Pecam; PECAM-1
Entrez Gene ID: (Mouse) 18613