Description: EpCAM (Epithelial cell adhesion molecule, CD326, KSA, TROP1) is a 40 kD cell-surface adhesion molecule participating in homophilic, calcium-independent cell-cell interactions. EpCAM is a type-I transmembrane protein, and is expressed primarily on the basolateral surface of most epithelia. Although normal epithelia express low levels of EpCAM, increased expression has been correlated with increased proliferation and progression to a mesenchymal phenotype. EpCAM has also been used as a diagnostic marker on circulating metastatic carcinoma cells, while cancer cells of non-epithelial origin do not express EpCAM.
Applications Reported: This 1B7 antibody has been reported for use in flow cytometric analysis.
Applications Tested: This 1B7 antibody has been pre-titrated and tested by flow cytometric analysis of A549 human lung carcinoma cells. This can be used at 5 µL (0.125 µg) per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test.
Excitation: 488-561 nm; Emission: 578 nm; Laser: Blue Laser, Green Laser, Yellow-Green Laser.
Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered.
Ep-CAM (epithelial adhesion molecule, epithelial specific antigen, ESA) is a transmembrane glycoprotein expressed in the epithelium with a molecular weight of approximately 40 kDa, which functions as an epithelial cell adhesion molecule. Ep-CAM functions as a homotypic calcium-independent cell adhesion molecule, and has a direct impact on cell cycle, proliferation and metabolism of epithelial cells and fibroblasts due to its ability to rapidly induce the proto-oncogene c-myc and the cell cycle regulating genes cyclin A and E. Ep-CAM mediates Ca2+-independent homotypic interactions. Formation of Ep-CAM-mediated adhesions have a negative regulatory effect on adhesions mediated by classic cadherins, which may have strong effects on the differentiation and growth of epithelial cells. Ep-CAM overexpression was suggested to be associated with enhanced epithelial proliferation. Ep-CAM is highly expressed in human carcinomas, and is a marker for tumors of epithelial lineage. Ep-CAM is expressed on baso-lateral cell surface in most simple epithelia and many carcinoma types. Also, Ep-CAM reportedly distinguishes adenocarcinomas from pleural mesotheliomas.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: Adenocarcinoma-associated antigen; CD326; Cell surface glycoprotein Trop-1; EGP; EGP314; Ep-CAM; Epithelial cell adhesion molecule; Epithelial cell surface antigen; Epithelial glycoprotein; Epithelial glycoprotein 314; hEGP314; human epithelial glycoprotein-2; KS 1/4 antigen; KSA; Major gastrointestinal tumor-associated protein GA733-2; membrane component, chromosome 4, surface marker (35kD glycoprotein); Tumor-associated calcium signal transducer 1
Gene Aliases: DIAR5; EGP-2; EGP314; EGP40; EPCAM; ESA; GA733-2; HNPCC8; KS1/4; KSA; M1S2; M4S1; MIC18; MK-1; TACSTD1; TROP1
UniProt ID: (Human) P16422
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 4072