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Description: The GK1.5 monoclonal antibody reacts with the mouse CD4 molecule, a 55 kDa cell surface receptor expressed by a majority of thymocytes, subpopulation of mature T cells and dendritic cells. CD4 binds to MHC class II on the surface of antigen presenting cells and plays an important role both in T cell development and in optimal functioning of mature T cells. In T cells, CD4 associates with protein tyrosine kinase p56lck through its cytoplasmic tail. Binding of GK1.5 is blocked by RM4-5.
Applications Reported: This GK1.5 antibody has been reported for use in flow cytometric analysis.
Our internal testing shows that NovaFluor Yellow 610 non-specifically stains B cells in SJL mice. Non-specific staining has not been observed in BALB/c or C57BL/6 mice. Other strains have not been tested. See the Antibody Testing Data for an example of this strain-dependent difference.
Applications Tested: This GK1.5 antibody has been tested by flow cytometric analysis of mouse splenocytes. This can be used at less than or equal to 0.2 µg per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test. It is recommended that the antibody be carefully titrated for optimal performance in the assay of interest.
NovaFluor dyes are not compatible with DNA intercalating viability dyes. Do not use viability dyes such as propidium iodide, 7-actinomycin D (7-AAD) and DAPI. Invitrogen LIVE/DEAD Fixable Dead Cell stains are recommended for use with NovaFluor dyes.
Each NovaFluor conjugate or kit is shipped with CellBlox Blocking Buffer. Use this buffer whenever staining with NovaFluor conjugates, including single-color compensation controls using cells. Whenever possible, we recommend adding CellBlox Blocking Buffer to antibody cocktails/master mixes prior to combining with cells. Add 5 µL per sample (regardless of the number of NovaFluors in your panel) to use the antibody cocktail as intended. For single-color controls, use 5 µL of CellBlox Blocking Buffer per 100µL of cell sample containing 10^3 to 10^8 cells.
Excitation: 552 nm; Emission: 612 nm; Laser: 561 nm (Yellow) Laser
NovaFluor conjugates are based on Phiton™ technology utilizing novel nucleic acid dye structures that allow for engineered fluorescent signatures with consideration for spillover and spread impacts. Learn more
The CD4 antigen is involved in the recognition of MHC class II molecules and is a co-receptor for HIV. CD4 is primarily expressed in a subset of T-lymphocytes, also referred to as T helper cells, but may also be expressed by other cells in the immune system, such as monocytes, macrophages, and dendritic cells. At the tissue level, CD4 expression may be detected in thymus, lymph nodes, tonsils, and spleen, and also in specific regions of the brain, gut, and other non-lymphoid tissues. CD4 functions to initiate or augment the early phase of T-cell activation through its association with the T-cell receptor complex and protein tyrosine kinase, Lck. It may also function as an important mediator of direct neuronal damage in infectious and immune-mediated diseases of the central nervous system. Multiple alternatively spliced transcripts have been identified in this gene [RefSeq, July 2017].
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: CD4; CD4 antigen p55; cd4a; fCD4; Leu-3; T-cell differentiation antigen L3T4; T-cell surface antigen T4/Leu-3; T-cell surface glycoprotein CD4; T-cell surface glycoprotein CD4 precursor (T-cell surface antigen T4/Leu-3) (T-cell differentiation antigen L3T4)
Gene Aliases: Cd4; L3T4; Ly-4
UniProt ID: (Mouse) P06332
Entrez Gene ID: (Mouse) 12504