Description: The 5C3 monoclonal antibody reacts with human CD40, a 45-50 kDa type I transmembrane glycoprotein. CD40 is a member of the TNFR family and is expressed by B lymphocytes, follicular dendritic cells, thymic epithelium, and a subset of peripheral T cells. CD40 regulates B cell development and maturation by inducing Ig isotype-switching and in combination with other signals such as IL-4, protects B cells from surface Ig-induced apoptosis and promotes proliferation. Interaction of CD40 with CD154 (gp39), its ligand on T cells, is important in T-B cell crosstalk and plays a role in costimulation and immune regulation. 5C3 is reported to be used for activation of B cells in in vitro functional assays.
Applications Reported: This 5C3 antibody has been reported for use in flow cytometric analysis.
Applications Tested: This 5C3 antibody has been pre-titrated and tested by flow cytometric analysis of normal human peripheral blood cells. This can be used at 5 µL (0.125 µg) per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test.
Light sensitivity: This tandem dye is sensitive photo-induced oxidation. Please protect this vial and stained samples from light.
Fixation: Samples can be stored in IC Fixation Buffer (cat. 00-8222) (100 µL cell sample + 100 µL IC Fixation Buffer) or 1-step Fix/Lyse Solution (cat. 00-5333) for up to 3 days in the dark at 4°C with minimal impact on brightness and FRET efficiency/compensation. Some generalizations regarding fluorophore performance after fixation can be made, but clone specific performance should be determined empirically.
Excitation: 488-561 nm; Emission: 775 nm; Laser: Blue Laser, Green Laser, Yellow-Green Laser.
Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered.
The CD40 antigen is a single chain glycoprotein that is known to be a member of the tumor necrosis factor/nerve growth factor superfamily and shows a significant homology to the Hodgkin's disease associated antigen, CD30. CD40 is present on all B cells except plasma cells and is also found on some epithelial cells, carcinomas and lymphoid dendritic cells. CD40 has been found to be essential in mediating a broad variety of immune and inflammatory responses including T cell-dependent immunoglobulin class switching, memory B cell development, and germinal center formation. AT-hook transcription factor AKNA is reported to coordinately regulate the expression of CD40, which may be important for homotypic cell interactions. Adaptor protein TNFR2 interacts with CD40 and serves as a mediator of the signal transduction. The interaction of CD40 and its ligand is found to be necessary for amyloid-beta-induced microglial activation, and thus is thought to be an early event in Alzheimer disease pathogenesis. Two alternatively spliced transcript variants of CD40 encoding distinct isoforms have been reported. Diseases associated with CD40 dysfunction include Type 3 Hyper-Igm immunodeficiency and CD40 ligand deficiency.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: B cell surface antigen CD40; B cell-associated molecule; B-cell surface antigen CD40; Bp50; CD40; CD40 molecule, TNF receptor superfamily member 5; CD40L receptor; CDW40; MGC9013; TNFRSF5; Tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 5
Gene Aliases: Bp50; CD40; CDW40; p50; TNFRSF5
UniProt ID: (Human) P25942
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 958