Description: This OX1 monoclonal antibody recognizes a non-polymorphic determinant of rat CD45, which is also known as the leukocyte common antigen. CD45 is expressed on all hematopoietic cells except erythrocytes and platelets. This type I transmembrane protein tyrosine phosphatase exists as a variety of different isoforms due to alternative splicing.
Applications Reported: This OX1 antibody has been reported for use in flow cytometric analysis.
Applications Tested: This OX1 antibody has been tested by flow cytometric analysis of rat splenocytes. This can be used at less than or equal to 0.25 µg per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test. It is recommended that the antibody be carefully titrated for optimal performance in the assay of interest.
Excitation: 488-561 nm; Emission: 578 nm; Laser: Blue Laser, Green Laser, Yellow-Green Laser.
Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered.
CD45 (LCA, leukocyte common antigen) is a receptor-type protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) ubiquitously expressed in all nucleated hematopoietic cells, comprising approximately 10% of all surface proteins in lymphocytes. CD45 is absent on non-hematopoietic cell lines, normal and malignant, non-hematopoietic tissues. CD45 glycoprotein is crucial in lymphocyte development and antigen signaling, serving as an important regulator of Src-family kinases. CD45 protein exists as multiple isoforms as a result of alternative splicing, differ in their extracellular domains but share identical transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains. CD45RA is an isoform of the CD45 complex and has restricted expression between different subtypes of lymphoid cells. CD45 isoforms differ in their ability to translocate into the glycosphingolipid-enriched membrane domains and their expression depends on cell type and physiological state of the cell. CD45 has been shown to be an essential regulator of T- and B-cell antigen receptor signaling and suppresses JAK kinases to regulate cytokine receptor signaling. CD45 is also important in promoting cell survival by modulating integrin-mediated signal transduction pathway, DNA fragmentation during apoptosis and inhibition or upregulation of various immunological functions.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: CD45; L-CA; leucocyte common antigen; Leukocyte common antigen; leukocyte common antigen A; leukocyte common antigen B; Protein tyrosine phosphatase, receptor-type, c polypeptide; Receptor-type tyrosine-protein phosphatase C; T200; T200 glycoprotein; T220 and B220
Gene Aliases: CD45; L-CA; Lca; Ptprc; RT7; T200
UniProt ID: (Rat) P04157
Entrez Gene ID: (Rat) 24699