Description: The 2D10.4 monoclonal antibody reacts with human CD80 (B7-1), a 60 kDa member of the Ig superfamily. CD80 is expressed by activated B cells, macrophages and dendritic cells. In addition, activated T cells express this antigen. CD80 has high affinity for binding to two T cell surface antigens, CD28 and CD152 (CTLA-4). The interaction of CD28 and CD152 with CD80 is crucial in T-B cell communication leading to activation of T and B cells, respectively.
Applications Reported: The 2D10.4 antibody has been reported for use in flow cytometric analysis.
Applications Tested: The 2D10.4 antibody has been tested by flow cytometric analysis of normal human peripheral blood cells. This can be used at less than or equal to 1 µg per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test. It is recommended that the antibody be carefully titrated for optimal performance in the assay of interest.
Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered.
CD80 (B7-1) and CD86 (B7-2) are ligands of T cell critical costimulatory molecule CD28, and of an inhibitory receptor CTLA-4 (CD152). Both B7 molecules are expressed on professional antigen-presenting cells and are essential for T cell activation, and both molecules can also substitute for each other in this process. CD80 is rapidly induced on the surface of in vitro activated B cells, with Epstein Barr Virus (EBV) transformed B cell lines, with Burkitts lymphoma cell lines, with freshly isolated follicular B lymphoma cells, T cells, and monocytes. The B-lymphocyte activation antigen B7-1 provides regulatory signals for T lymphocytes as a consequence of binding to the CD28 and CTLA4 ligands of T cells. Diseases associated with CD80 dysfunction include gallbladder squamous cell carcinoma and myocarditis.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: Activation B7-1 antigen; B-lymphocyte activation antigen B7; B7; BB1; CD80; CD80 antigen (CD28 antigen ligand 1, B7-1 antigen); costimulatory factor CD80; costimulatory molecule variant IgV-CD80; CTLA-4 counter-receptor B7.1; sCD 80; sCD80; soluble CD 80; soluble CD80; T-lymphocyte activation antigen CD80; TS/A-1
Gene Aliases: B7; B7-1; B7.1; BB1; CD28LG; CD28LG1; CD80; LAB7
UniProt ID: (Human) P33681
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 941
Molecular Function: immunoglobulin receptor superfamily