Description: The DX2 monoclonal antibody reacts with human CD95 (Fas, Apo-1), a 40-50 kDa member of the TNFR superfamily. CD95 is expressed by a broad range of hematopoietic and non-hematopoietic cells including monocytes, neutrophils, lymphocytes and fibroblasts. Interaction of CD95 on mature lymphocytes with its ligand (FasL) induces apoptosis and is thought to be important in peripheral tolerance. DX2 does not block binding of EOS9.1, another antibody specific for human CD95.
Applications Reported: The DX2 antibody has been reported for use in flow cytometric analysis, and immunohistochemical staining. DX2 has also been reported in in vitro studies of Fas-induced apoptosis. EOS9.1 is recommended for induction of apoptosis in vitro .
Applications Tested: The DX2 antibody has been tested by flow cytometric analysis of normal human peripheral blood cells. This can be used at less than or equal to 1 µg per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test. It is recommended that the antibody be carefully titrated for optimal performance in the assay of interest.
Purity: Greater than 90%, as determined by SDS-PAGE.
Aggregation: Less than 10%, as determined by HPLC.
Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered.
FAS (Fas, CD95, APO-1) is a 46 kDa transmembrane glycoprotein that functions as a cell death receptor of the TNFR (tumor necrosis factor receptor) superfamily. FAS also exists in a soluble form that weight approximately 26kDa. Stimulation of FAS results in aggregation of its intracellular FAS-associated death domains (FADD), formation of the death-inducing signaling complex (DISC) and activation of caspases. The auto-proteolytic processing of the caspases in the complex trigger a downstream cascade that leads to apoptosis. FAS has been shown to activate NF-kappaB, MAPK3/ERK1, MAPK8/JNK, and is involved in transducing the proliferating signals in normal diploid fibroblast and T cells. At least eight alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding seven distinct isoforms have been described. The isoforms lacking the transmembrane domain may negatively regulate the apoptosis mediated by the full-length isoform. The Fas/Fas ligand system has been shown to play a role in a number of human diseases such as AIDS, hepatitis and cancer. It is also assumed that induction of apoptosis through FAS ligand pathway is predominantly involved in anti-viral immune responses.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: Apo-1 antigen; APO-1 cell surface antigen; Apo-1 Fas; Apo1 antigen; apoptosis antigen 1; apoptosis signaling receptor FAS; Apoptosis-mediating surface antigen FAS; CD95; CD95 antigen; Fas (TNF receptor superfamily, member 6); Fas AMA; FASLG receptor; OTTHUMP00000020045; OTTHUMP00000020046; OTTHUMP00000020051; OTTHUMP00000059646; TNF receptor superfamily member 6; Tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 6; tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily, member 6
Gene Aliases: ALPS1A; APO-1; APT1; CD95; FAS; FAS1; FASTM; TNFRSF6
UniProt ID: (Human) P25445
Molecular Function: transmembrane signal receptor