N-cadherin is a 140 kDa protein belonging to a family of transmembrane molecules that mediate calcium-dependent intercellular adhesion. Cadherins are involved in controlling morphogenetic movements during development and regulate cell surface adhesion through homotypic adhesion with the same cadherin species. N-cadherin's function is dependent on its association with the actin-cytoskeleton and is mediated through interactions between the C-terminal region of N-cadherin and the cytoplasmic catenin proteins. The stability of this association is regulated by phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of beta-catenin. Further, N-cadherin is a calcium dependent cell-cell adhesion glycoprotein comprised of five extracellular cadherin repeats, a transmembrane region and a highly conserved cytoplasmic tail. The protein functions during gastrulation and is required for establishment of left-right asymmetry.
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Protein Aliases: cadherin 2, type 1, N-cadherin (neuronal); Cadherin-2; Cadherin2; calcium-dependent adhesion protein, neuronal; CD325; CDw325; CDw325 antigen; N-cadherin; N-cadherin 1; Neural cadherin
Gene Aliases: CD325; CDH2; CDHN; CDw325; NCAD
UniProt ID: (Human) P19022
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 1000
Molecular Function: cadherin