CTLA4 (Cytotoxic T-Lymphocyte Antigen 4) is a CD28-family receptor expressed on mainly CD4+ T cells. It binds the same ligands as CD28 (CD80 and CD86 on B cells and dendritic cells), but with higher affinity than CD28. However, in contrast to CD28 which enhances cell function when bound at the same time as the T cell receptor, CTLA4 inhbits the T cell and prevents it from functioning. Intracellular CTLA4 is also found in regulatory T cells and may be important to their function.
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Protein Aliases: CD152 antigen; cytotoxic T-lymphocyte protein 4; soluble form; transmembrane form
Gene Aliases: Cd152; CTLA-4; sCTLA4
Entrez Gene ID: (Rat) 63835