CYP2C9 is a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This protein localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum and its expression is induced by rifampin. The enzyme is known to metabolize many xenobiotics, including phenytoin, tolbutamide, ibuprofen and S-warfarin.
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Protein Aliases: (R)-limonene 6-monooxygenase; (S)-limonene 6-monooxygenase; (S)-limonene 7-monooxygenase; Cholesterol 25-hydroxylase; CYPIIC9; cytochrome P-450 S-mephenytoin 4-hydroxylase; Cytochrome P-450MP; Cytochrome P450 2C9; Cytochrome P450 MP-4; Cytochrome P450 MP-8; Cytochrome P450 PB-1; cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily C, polypeptide 9; flavoprotein-linked monooxygenase; MGC149605; MGC88320; microsomal monooxygenase; S-mephenytoin 4-hydroxylase; xenobiotic monooxygenase
Gene Aliases: CPC9; CYP2C; CYP2C10; CYP2C9; CYPIIC9; P450IIC9
UniProt ID: (Human) P11712
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 1559