A suggested positive control for this product is MCF-7 cell lysate.
Caspase 9 (ICE-like apoptotic protease 6, ICE LAP6, apoptotic protease Mch6, apoptotic protease activating factor 3, Apaf3) is a member of the peptidase family C14 that contains a CARD domain. Caspases are cysteine proteases, expressed as inactive precursors, that mediate apoptosis by proteolysis of specific substrates. Caspase 9 is active as a heterotetramer, is present in the cytosol and, upon activation, translocates to the mitochondria. Caspase 9 is involved in the caspase activation cascade responsible for apoptosis execution and cleaves/activates Caspase 3 and Caspase 6. Further, Caspase 9 is involved in the activation cascade of caspases responsible for apoptosis execution. Binding of caspase-9 to Apaf- 1 leads to activation of the protease which then cleaves and activates caspase-3. Caspase 9 promotes DNA damage-induced apoptosis in a ABL1/c-Abl-dependent manner, and proteolytically cleaves poly(ADP- ribose) polymerase (PARP). Caspase 9 is expressed in variety of human tissues. An isoform of rat Caspase-9 has been identified in which the C terminus of full-length Caspase-9 is replaced with an alternative peptide sequence. Mutations in Caspase 9 affect brain development. In mice, insufficient Caspase 9 have resulted in abnormal cerebrum development and neuron development. In humans, dysfunctional Caspase 9 expression vary from tissue to tissue. Low levels of Caspase 9 may play a role in cancer development and neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's Disease (AD).
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Protein Aliases: APAF-3; APAF3; apoptotic protease activating factor 3; Apoptotic protease Mch-6; Apoptotic protease-activating factor 3; cas9; CASP-9; caspase 9, apoptosis-related cysteine peptidase; Caspase-9; Caspase-9 subunit p10; Caspase-9 subunit p35; CASPASE-9c; ICE-LAP6; ICE-like apoptotic protease 6; MCH6; protein phosphatase 1, regulatory subunit 56; RP11-265F14.3
Gene Aliases: APAF-3; APAF3; CASP9; ICE-LAP6; MCH6; PPP1R56
UniProt ID: (Human) B4E1A3
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 842