Caveolin-1 or CAV1 is a scaffolding proteins within caveolar membranes. It interacts directly with G-protein alpha subunits and can functionally regulate their activity. Caveolin-1 is also involved in the co-stimulatory signal essential for T-cell receptor (TCR) mediated T-cell activation. It can bind with DPP4 and induces T-cell proliferation and NF-kappa-B activation in a T-cell receptor/CD3-dependent manner. Mutations affecting the CAV1 gene can result in congenital generalized lipodystrophy 3, pulmonary hypertension primary 3, or partial lipodystrophy/congenital cataracts, and neurodegeneration syndrome.
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Protein Aliases: caveolin 1, caveolae protein, 22kDa; Caveolin-1; cell growth-inhibiting protein 32; Phospho-Caveolin-1 pTyr14
Gene Aliases: BSCL3; CAV; CAV1; CGL3; LCCNS; MSTP085; PPH3; VIP21
UniProt ID: (Human) Q03135
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 857