Immunofluorescence analysis of Cytochrome c was done on 70% confluent log phase HeLa cells. The cells were fixed with 4% paraformaldehyde for 15 minutes, permeabilized with 0.25% Triton™ X-100 for 10 minutes, and blocked with 5% BSA for 1 hour at room temperature. The cells were labeled with ABfinity™ Cytochrome c Recombinant Rabbit Oligoclonal Antibody (710627) at a dilution of 1:400 in 1% BSA and incubated for 3 hours at room temperature and then labeled with Alexa Flour® 488 Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG Secondary Antibody (A11008) at a dilution of 1:400 for 30 minutes at room temperature (Panel a: green). F-actin (Panel b: red) was stained with Alexa Fluor® 594 Phalloidin (A12381). Nuclei (Panel c: blue) were stained with SlowFade® Gold Antifade Mountant with DAPI (S36938) and panel d is a merged image showing cytoplasmic and perinuclear localization. The images were captured using a Nikon microscope at 20X magnification.
|Tested species reactivity||Human|
|Host / Isotype||Rabbit / IgG|
|Immunogen||human Cytochrome C|
|Contains||0.09% sodium azide|
|Storage Conditions||Store at 4°C short term. For long term storage, store at -20°C, avoiding freeze/thaw cycles.|
|Tested Applications||Dilution *|
|Immunofluorescence (IF)||Assay Dependent|
|Western Blot (WB)||Assay Dependent|
* Suggested working dilutions are given as a guide only. It is recommended that the user titrate the product for use in their own experiment using appropriate negative and positive controls.
This gene encodes cytochrome c, a component of the electron transport chain in mitochondria. The heme group of cytochrome c accepts electrons from the b-c1 complex and transfers electrons to the cytochrome oxidase complex. Cytochrome c is also involved in initiation of apoptosis. Upon release of cytochrome c to the cytoplasm, the protein binds apoptotic protease activating factor which activates the apoptotic initiator procaspase 9. Many cytochrome c pseudogenes exist, scattered throughout the human genome.
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